My short article of December 19, 2021 in The Gleaner, on the price of a university diploma, elicited some appealing commentaries. The discussion would seem to flip on competencies coaching compared to academic instruction. My thesis was never about a separation of these two non-mutually distinctive outcomes of the instructing-and-finding out approach.
The argument I set ahead was, prepare the head and let a effectively-qualified, crucial brain to choose the path it wishes in order to add to national advancement and an over-all higher-high-quality culture. For, whether a person chooses to pursue a talent (which persons equate to vocational schooling) or an tutorial pathway (which, once more, is equated to a college degree), with no a effectively-experienced mind, one would not be adequately equipped to fulfil their purpose in regardless of what area of endeavour they pursue. If the thoughts is not qualified to believe critically and be adaptable to new situations, the output from skills or academic pursuits will nevertheless not meet the threshold of efficiency and innovation, to travel the necessary transformation to build a superior society.
As a plantation modern society with the vestiges of colonialism and slavery, we ought to be careful not to established up an possibly/or narrative when talking about the educating of our population. This narrative will guide to much too several persons missing out on official teaching to establish the intellect and receive the necessary foundational techniques which at some point will redound to their getting career-completely ready. For example, significant competencies these kinds of as essential pondering, difficulty-resolving, variety, emotional intelligence are capabilities that all learners should have, no matter whether or not they decide to go for a vocational-based mostly career or an tutorial occupation. Our training process should be geared toward these competencies, not just planning the learners for a task in buy to get a higher wage. It is competencies this kind of as these that will final result in bigger amounts of productiveness, by innovation in procedures and outputs. With out constructing this competency base, we will proceed to have the perennial debate about reduced efficiency in Jamaica. In fact, our education and learning system, by concentrating on significant written content and not on crucial competencies, creates a misalignment with efficiency drivers and, thus, demonstrates up in the reduced efficiency quantities.
Jamaica’s productiveness fee has been among the the lowest in the Caribbean for a even though. It is not only low, but pretty troubling, it is deteriorating. Data exhibit that, output per employee in Jamaica in 2019, at about US$20,000, was two situations fewer than Barbados at about US$40,000, and above 3 instances much less than Trinidad and Tobago, at about US$69,000. Further more, when compared to 1990, about three decades ago, Jamaica’s output for each worker was about US$23,000. Though we can contest about how the quantities are derived, for example, irrespective of whether or not the casual sector, which is so big, is involved, the key lesson is that our output for each person is declining, not improving.
Critical to this minimal amount of efficiency is that Jamaica has a compact quantity of its workforce that have the essential competencies to work in a modern-day, international economy. A manifestation of this can be uncovered in the enrolment in article-secondary education and learning and, especially, the degree-granting institutions’ data. With just about 10 per cent of the workforce owning university qualification, and just about 20 per cent having any type of write-up-secondary certification, it is unsurprising that the competencies and capabilities needed to drive innovation and elevated productivity would be sparse in the Jamaican labour drive. To push higher concentrations of productivity, Jamaica has to transfer absent from the untrue separation of vocationally inclined and academically inclined staff, and present all learners with the important competencies to run in a modern, international economic system, and be adaptable to any and all conditions.
Various PATHWAYS FOR LEARNERS
It is recognized that all learners will not pick out the exact route toward creating a contribution to national progress. Having said that, what should be clear is that our instruction procedure ought to offer each and every learner with the essential competencies (vital considering, issue-fixing, emotional intelligence, teamwork, etcetera) so that they can perform in the modern-day entire world, irrespective of the pathway they pick.
So, for instance, the Ministry of Education sixth form pathways task announced just lately is well timed as Jamaica tries to get far more of its population to create vital competencies to meet the demands of the new worldwide economic climate. The programme, it appears, will provide learners a for a longer time time body in the training method, in order to create and nurture significant competencies, which, by age 18 when they graduate from fifth sort, several would not have possessed. The pathway programme should really be developed to cater to these vital competencies and not so significantly as an apprenticeship scheme to put people into vocational or tutorial categories. Hence, when they go away the college program, they ought to be equipped to function properly in any field of endeavour they so wish.
The private sector have to be on-board also, to give the relevant sector-certain education, after learners leave the school program with the important competencies. As the saying goes, instruction can make you trainable. As these, once the learners have the right set of competencies, the personal sector need to established in to mould these into whatever specificity it wishes for its personal industry or firm. It is this partnership that will be significant to elevate the level of productiveness in the nation.
Education and learning can and will direct to constructive transformation in modern society, but it need to be observed as a software to acquire a crucial thoughts and develop lifelong competencies which will enable learners to be trainable and re-trainable as techniques evolve. To obtain this, the procedure can’t be constructed on the false assumption that training and expertise schooling are mutually unique. There is no dichotomy. We will have to teach in order to educate. There need to be no stress among capabilities and educational training. Both equally are vital for the improvement of any modern society.
Densil Williams is a professor of international business at The University of the West Indies. Send feed-back to [email protected]